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Aquinas, Thomas
  VI(a)   VII

Arendt, Hannah.
The Life of the Mind: Volume 1, Thinking.
(1971) Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1977.

  VI(a)   VI(b)   VII   VIII   IX

Bach, J. S.
  III   V

The Human Condition is probably Arendt's most important, prophetic, and provocatively distinctive work. It is at once history, philosophy, social science and political economy. Heidegger should have encouraged her.
Bateson, Gregory.
   IX   XII   appendix
Steps to an Ecology of Mind.
Ballantine. 1972
-------------------- Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. Dutton. 1979.

Bell, John S.

Bateson's many talents converge in his capacity to invert common understandings in support of challenging and relevant insights. Few thinkers, Nietzsche and James are also among them, have found the courage to choose a muse so near to Humor. Why aren't these in print?
Bergson, Henri.
  V    VI(b)   VI(c)   IX   XII
Creative Evolution.
(1907) trans. Arthur Mitchell. Modern Library. 1944.

Blanchot, Maurice
Blechschmidt, Eric.

Bergson, revered by William James, was the most popular philosopher of his time. Perhaps his appreciation by the likes of Levinas and Deleuze will eventually put him back on the menu.
Blondel, Eric.
Nietzsche: The Body and Culture - Philosophy as a Philological Genealogy
. trans Sean Hand. Stanford. 1991.

Boehme, Jacob

Blondel here has wrought a penetrating, sophisticated approach to Nietzsche's literary usages.
Bohm, David.
  XII    appendix
Wholeness and the Implicate Order.
Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1980.

Bohr, Niels
Bruckner, Anton
   introduction  V  VI(c)   XII   appendix

With authority and eloquence, Bohm offers to substantially alter one's interpretation of both mental and physical reality. Bohm worked with Oppenheimer, was blacklisted for refusing to testify against him, wrote a standard text on quantum mechanics, was sought out by Einstein as his last protege, rejected quantum mechanics, developed his own approach, then associated himself with Krishnamurti. Bohm was surely a hero of the life of the mind!
Cassirer, Ernst.
  IV   V    VI(c)   VII   VIII   IX
Language and Myth.
trans. Susanne Langer. Harper. 1946.
---------------- The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, vol. 2. trans. Ralph Manheim. Yale. 1955.
---------------- Rousseau, Kant, and Goethe. (1945) trans. J. Gutman, P. O. Kristeller, and J. H. Randall jr. Princeton. 1963.

  introduction   VI(a)   VI(c)

Volume 3 of Cassirer's symbolic forms set, The Phenomenology of Knowledge,seems unsurpassed as a finely tuned summary and example of traditional philosophy's culminating phase. Philosophy's Thomas Mann?
Deleuze, Gilles.
  IX   X   XII    appendix
Nietzsche and Philosophy.
(1962) trans. Hugh Tomlinson. Athlone. 1983.
------------------, and Guattari, Felix. A Thousand Plateaus. trans. Brian Massumi. 1980 Minnesota.

Deleuze's Nietzsche book, and also his Kant's Critical Philosophy, rank among the most brilliantly concise and coherent accounts of one thinker by another. See also works on Spinoza, Bergson, Proust and cinema.
Derrida, Jacques.
Writing and Difference.
trans. Alan Bass. Chicago. 1978.
------------------Margins of Philosophy. trans. Alan Bass. Harvester Press. 1982.

Descartes, Rene
   introduction   VI(b)   XII   appendix
Dilthey, Wilhelm
   introduction   III   VI(a)   VI(b)   VI(c)
  VII   IX
Einstein, Albert
  VI    appendix

Is Derrida contemporary thought's Paginini?
Ermarth, Michael.
Wilhelm Dilthey: The Critique of Historical Reason.
Chicago. 1978.

Ermarth's book is an overview of Dilthey's vast range of work, with extensive excerpts. Because Dilthey infused his work with many academic disciplines, and refused to embrace the primacy of any particular one, none have found it in their 'heart' to carry him to us with any comprehensiveness.
Ferm, Vergilius. (ed.)
A History of Philosophical Systems.
Philosophical Library 1950.

Foucault, Michel
Fuller, R. Buckminster
Freud, Sigmund
Godel, Kurt
  VI(a)   IX
Goethe, Wolfgang
  VI(a)   VI(c)   VIII   XII    appendix

Ferm's book is a philosophical bestiary, with contributions by scholars and advocates of many philosophic stripes.
Griffin, David R. (ed.).
Physics and the Ultimate Significance of Time
SUNY. 1986.

In Griffin's collection, Whitehead's ideas are considered in the light of modern physics. See especially contributions by Bohm, Prigogine, and Cobb
Hegel, G.W.F.
   III   V   VI(a)   VI(c)   appendix
The Phenomenology of Spirit.
(1807) trans. A. V. Miller. Oxford. 1977.

Josiah Royce, Stanley Rosen, Hans-Georg Gadamer,
as well as Heidegger are among authors who may be particularly helpful in an encounter with Hegel. Is he the biggest brain or the biggest idiot on record? How should we find the synthesis between these two equally fervent receptions of his work?
Heidegger, Martin.
   introduction   IV   V   VI(a)   VI(c)   VII   VIII   IX   XI    appendix
Being and Time.
(1926) trans. J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson. Harper and Row. 1962.
-------------------- Identity and Difference.trans. Joan Staumbaugh. Harper and Row. 1969.
--------------------- What is Called Thinking.(1955) trans. J. Glenn Gray. Harper and Row 1968.

Being and Time is an important and astonishing read for serious thinkers. What is Called Thinking, however, ranks as Heidegger's most enjoyable and accessible book. Magda King, Loy Vail, Theodore Kisiel and Otto Poeggler are among many who have written helpfully on Heidegger. Additionally, Michael Murray and Fredrick Elliston have both edited excellent anthologies on his work. (The latter also edited an outstanding Husserl anthology.)
Husserl, Edmund.
  V   VI(a)   VI(c)    VI(c)   VII   XI
Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology.
(1913) trans. W.R.B. Gibson. Collier. 1969.
---------------- Cartesian Meditations.trans. Dorion Cairns. Martinus Nijhoff. 1960.
--------------------- Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. trans. David Carr. Northwestern. 1970.

  V   VI(c)

Husserl, an epochal philosophical hairsplitter in these volumes proffers rewarding labors. Bring aspirin.
James, William.
  V   VI(b)   VI(c)   VIII   IX
The Writings of William James.
Random House. 1967.

James gives great relief from philosophical hairsplitting. Try A Pluralistic Universe. Husserl, Dilthey, Bergson and Whitehead all held James' 'adorable genius' in high regard.
Jaspers, Karl.
Nietzsche: An Introduction to the Understanding of his Philosophical Activity
.(1935) trans C.F. Wallraff and F.J. Schmitz. Gateway. 1965.

Kafka, Franz
Kant, Immanuel
  I   II   III   VI(a)   VI(b)   VI(c)   XII
Kennedy, Michael
Schirmer. 1991.

Kroner, Richard
Kuhlenbeck, Hartwig

Jaspers is the sort of person one would be most fortunate to have as a teacher of philosophy. His Great Philosophers series remains a useful contemporary perspective on earlier thinkers. Like Heidegger, Jaspers remained in Germany during Nazism. Unlike Heidegger, he remained uncompromised - despite remaining with a wife of Jewish extraction. Perhaps the strength visible in Jaspers' face tells something of how he achieved this. Jaspers own philosophy examples something of the durability of the Kantian orientation, even in the throes of existentialism. Among 'philosophers of existence', Jaspers, Gabriel Marcel, and Jean Wahl seem to me most worthwhile.
Langer, Susanne.
  VI(c)    IX   XII
Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling.
(3 vols.) Johns Hopkins. 1967-1981.

The first half of Langer's first volume here is a bit dry, but volume two is a pure joy, teaching philosophy and biology simultaneously.
Levinas, Emmanuel.
  IX   XI    XII   appendix
Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority.
(1961) trans. Alphonso Lingis. Duquesne. 1969.
---------------------- Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence. (1974) trans. Alphonso Lingis. Martinus Nijhoff. 1981.
---------------------- The Levinas Reader.Sean Hand, ed., Blackwell 1989.

Some Levinas should be on your bookshelf, for one cannot predict when he will seem comprehensible. The essays in Outside the Subject, (trans. Michael B. Smith, Stanford, 1994), include some of Levinas' most accessible essays, including accounts of his similarities and differences with Gabriel Marcel and Martin Buber - two of the other most well known 'philosophers of dialog'. An approach to this kind of thinking which also more nearly resembles prose may be found in Maurice Blanchot's The Infinite Conversation.
Libertson, Joseph.
Proximity, Levinas, Blanchot, Bataille and Communication.
Martinus Nijhoff. 1982.

Excellent but difficult, Libertson identifies thinking's contemporary phase from a basis resembling the approach adopted in this essay. See also Mark C. Taylor's Altarity.
Lingis, Alphonso.
Excesses: Eros and Culture
State University of New York Press. 1983.
---------------------- Deathbound SubjectivityIndiana University Press. 1989.

Lowe, Victor.
Understanding Whitehead.
Johns Hopkins. 1962.

Lowith, Karl
  III   VI(a)
From Hegel to Nietzsche : The Revolution in Nineteenth Century Thought.
trans. David E. Green. Holt. 1964.

Mahler, Gustav
  IV   XII

Two very different books from one interesting fellow. Lingis was Levinas main translator. His own writings swing between extreme and informally written philosophical travelogs to quite densely technical existential phenomenology. Besides Levinas, Lingis finds Nietzsche and Heidegger centrally important. So do I.
Marias, Julian.
History of Philosophy.
trans. S. Appelbaum and C. Strowbridge. Dover. 1967.

Marti-Ibanez, Felix.
Tales of Philosophy.
Clarkson N. Potter. 1967.

Marx, Karl
   introduction   III

Marias provides an admirable classic single volume history of philosophy. I know of none better. For a more narrative approach, Richard Kroner's Speculation and Revelation in Medieval Philosophy and his Speculation and Revelation in Modern Philosophy are wonderful, but very hard to find.
Melville, Herman.
Moby Dick.
Signet. 1964.

Is Moby Dick an American version of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit.?
Monk, Ray.
Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius.
Vintage. 1987.

Mozart, W. A.

Were sainthood a possibility for thinkers, Wittgenstein might fit the bill. Like a saint, he chose paths of greatest difficulty and solitude - and in following them sharply etched the spirit of his times; its character, needs and possibilities for healing. Monk's extraordinary biography can be appreciated at any stage of engagement with this thinker.
Murti, T. R. V.
The Central Philosophy of Buddhism: A Study of the Madhyamika System.
George Allen and Unwin. 1960.

Newton, Issac
   introduction   III   IX

Murti's book is a classic in Buddhist studies, I highly recommend it. Writings of Edward Conze, for example, Buddhist Thought in India, also deserve to be sought out. Buddhist Philosophy in Theory and Practice by Herbert V. Guenther strikes me as a fascinating fusion of a German philosophical sensibility with an amazingly condensed history of Buddhist doctrine and practice. I have not kept up with the avalanche of Tibetan Buddhist interpretations and translations, but readers may also no doubt find good hunting in those Himalayan dharma fields.
Nietzsche, Friedrich.
   introduction   III   IV   V   VI(a)   VI(b)   VI(c)   IX   X   XI   XII
The Portable Nietzsche.
Walter Kaufmann, ed., trans. Viking. 1954, 1968.
------------------------ The Will to Power.W. Kaufmann (ed.) and R.J. Hollingdale trans. Vintage. 1968.

Occam, William of
Pascal, Blaise

One key to Nietzsche may be to reread him later and try to figure out why he then seems to be saying something different than before. The New Nietzsche (David Allison ed.) is excellent in exhibiting diverse approaches to his thought.
Penrose, Roger.
  VI(a)   XII
The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.
Oxford University Press 1989.
---------------------- Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness.Oxford University Press. 1994.

Prigogine, Ilya
Pynchon, Thomas

Penrose, a physicist and mathematician of undeniable stature has taken on pretty much the entire scientific establishment in the nicest possible way. Those who have ears to hear will find him offering not exactly solutions to the problems he tackles, but rather Einsteinian 'gedank experiments' which are of enduring value in keeping one's mind open in the most important ways. The kind of philosophy I have worked to advance comes close to presupposing that Penrose is on the right track: Mind must have microphysical roots that depend on apprehending the kind of plurality identifiable with non-local quantum processes.
Ricoeur, Paul.
  VI(a)   VI(c)    VIII   IX   XII
Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology.
Northwestern. trans. E. G. Ballard and L. E. Embree. 1967
--------------- Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation. trans. Denis Savage. Yale. 1970.
------------- The Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur; An Anthology of his Work Charles E. Regan and David Stewart eds. Beacon. 1978.
--------------- The Rule of Metaphor. trans. Robert Czerny. Toronto. 1977.

Ricoeur's Freud book and also his
Fallible Man are two of his most accessible and absorbing explorations, while the Husserl book can be recommended as an early companion to that difficult thinker. Among philosophers, Ricoeur is a master teacher whose ways of thinking nurture the kinds of continuity of mind and multi-faceted interpretations indispensible for sensitive and responsible thought.
Rockmore, Tom and Margolis, Joseph (eds.)
The Heidegger Case: On Philosopy and Politics
Temple University Press. 1992.

Royce, Josiah
The Spirit of Modern Philosophy
Dover. 1983.
------------------ Lectures on Modern Idealism. Yale. 1967. (1919)

Russell, Bertrand
Scheler, Max
Schelling, Friedrich
Schoenberg, Arnold
  IV   V

Schwenk, Theodor,
Sensitive Chaos : The Creation of Flowing Forms in Water and Air.
J. Collins. 1996.

You've let Heidegger into your mind and you'll never be the same? True enough, but wait! Now you have to deal with the man's Nazi past, hopefully without losing what is important about his way of thinking. Try this book. Rockmore and Margolis have put together an excellent collection. The essays by Kisiel, Poggeler, Taminiaux, Schurmann, and Margolis are particularly helpful.
Steiner, Rudolf.
   introduction   IV   V   VI(a)   VI(b)   VI(c)   VII   VIII   IX   XII    appendix
The Philosophy of Freedom.
(1894) trans. Michael Wilson. Rudolf Steiner Press. 1964.
------------------ The Riddles of Philosophy. Anthroposophic Press. 1973.
------------------, and Barfield, Owen. The Case for Anthroposophy. Rudolf Steiner Press. 1970.
------------------ Rudolf Steiner: An Autobiography. trans. Rita Stebbing. Steiner Books. 1977.
------------------ The Boundaries of Natural Science. (1920) trans. F. Amrine and K. Oberhuber. Anthroposophic Press. 1983.
------------------ Friedrich Nietzsche : Fighter for Freedom. Lindisfarne Books. 1985.
------------------ The Education of the Child : And Early Lectures on Education. Anthroposophic Press. 1996.

Thomson, John
Natural Childhood; The First Practical and Holistic Guide for Parents of the Developing Child.
Simon and Schuster Books. 1995.

The Philosophy of Steiner's own philosophical presentation within the idiom of Nineteenth century thought. The Boundaries of Natural Science is a late series of his lectures, lucidly translated, and with an introduction by Saul Bellow, well exhibiting the range and import of Steiner's 'storytelling', here particularly with regard to differences between the East and West concerning their developmental involvements in Imagination, Inspiration, and Intuition. Riddles of Philosophy deserves recognition as an exceptionally enjoyable and nourishing introduction to the history of philosophy. The Case for Anthroposophy is a fragment of the finally translated Riddles of the Soul, based substantially on Steiner's study with Franz Brentano, the grandfather of phenomenology. It describes supersensible perception in a more or less phenomenological light. The autobiography holds much between the lines, including Steiner's unmistakable humility. A challenging and representative omnibus of Steiner's work is found in The Essential Steiner, Robert A. McDermott (ed.).
Verene, Donald Philip.
Man and Culture.
Dell. 1970.

Waddington, C.H.
Wagner, Richard
  IV   VII

Verene has assembled an exemplary anthology of accessible excerpts from earlier thinkers as well as from many of those discussed above, Hegel, Dilthey, Cassirer, and Whitehead amongst them. There is also an excerpt from Karl Jaspers.
Whitehead, Alfred North.
  I   V   VI(a)    VI(b)   VI(c)   VII   VIII   IX   X   XII   appendix
Process and Reality.
(1929) Corrected Edition, eds. D. R. Griffin and D. W. Sherburne. Free Press. 1978.

Whyte, Lancelot Law

The accessibility and poetics of Whitehead's last books, Adventures of Ideas and Modes of Thought, suggest these as the best introductions to his still state-of-the-art conceptually oriented thought.

Wittgenstein Ludwig.
  V   VI(b)   VI(c)   VIII   IX
  X    appendix
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
(1921) trans. D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1961.
------------------------ Philosophical Investigations.(1953) trans. G. E. M. Anscombe. Blackwell and Mott 1958.

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